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Analysis: Can Tough-Talking Trump Solve North Korea?

A big meeting between Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping is set to take place at Trump's Mar-a-Lago estate on Thursday and Friday

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    U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley, with the Japanese and South Korean ambassadors, spoke Wednesday after the U.N. Security Council's meeting to discuss North Korea’s recent missile launches, warning that “the world needs to be focused on” the issue.

    (Published Thursday, March 9, 2017)

    President Donald Trump is suggesting ahead of his meeting later this week with Chinese President Xi Jinping that he can handle Washington's North Korea problem with or without Beijing's help — "totally."

    Is the self-proclaimed master of the deal doing what he does best — talking up his game?

    Even Trump said going it alone is not his Plan A. While declaring the U.S. is ready to deal with Pyongyang on its own, Trump stressed in an interview with the Financial Times that he'd rather — much rather, actually — have Beijing on board. China, he noted, has the most influence over the North economically and politically.

    But can he sway Beijing into doing more of what Washington wants? The big meeting is set to take place at Trump's Mar-a-Lago estate in South Florida on Thursday and Friday.

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    (Published Friday, March 17, 2017)

    Here's a closer look at some of the rhetoric being tossed around, by Trump in the interview released Sunday, and by a top U.S. official:

    TRUMP: "China has great influence over North Korea. And China will either decide to help us with North Korea, or they won't. And if they do that will be very good for China, and if they don't it won't be good for anyone."

    THE CONTEXT: China is without doubt a lifeline for North Korea. It accounts for about 90 percent of the North's trade and is a key supplier of fuel and many of the other necessities that keep the North's economy running. If Beijing were to aggressively clamp down on all its trade with Pyongyang, North Korea would certainly feel the pain — and possibly collapse.

    The question, however, is what Trump means by "help."

    Sanctions advocates in the U.S. believe that with just the right amount of pressure, North Korea can be coerced into giving up its nuclear weapons. But that's not a certainty. Too much pressure could also lead to open conflict with a tremendously high cost in casualties and deaths, wreaking havoc on the Chinese, South Korean and Japanese — and by extension U.S. — economies. A North Korean implosion, meanwhile, could be even more problematic, causing a massive refugee crisis. As Beijing well knows, that would impact China far more dramatically than the faraway U.S.

    TRUMP: According to the Financial Times report, when pressed on whether the U.S. really could resolve the North Korean denuclearization problem without China, he said, "Totally."

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    (Published Monday, June 26, 2017)

    "I don't have to say any more. Totally."

    THE CONTEXT: So there it is, the tease.

    If Trump does have a dramatic solution to this problem, it will have to be pretty clever. And the stakes are extremely high.

    Back in 1994, President Bill Clinton considered a pre-emptive strike to take out North Korea's nuclear weapons' building capability. That was ruled out as too risky. He chose negotiations, and those failed, too, after George W. Bush took over.

    Fast forward to today, and North Korea has a nuclear arsenal. It may already be able to hit Japan and the tens of thousands of U.S. troops based there with nuclear warheads. It could be just a few years — if that — away from having an intercontinental ballistic missile capable of hitting the U.S. mainland.

    Whatever Trump has in mind, any change in the status quo that comes about without China's participation, or Russia's, is likely to antagonize North Korea's two nuclear-armed neighbors.

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    Trump may not need to tell a newspaper what his plan is. But if he's got one, leaders across Asia are all ears.

    AND P.S., FROM YOUR U.N. AMBASSADOR: Trump's ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, also had some tough talk over the weekend — but it conflicted with the president's.

    She said on ABC's "This Week" that China needs "to show us how concerned they are ... They need to put pressure on North Korea. The only country that can stop North Korea is China, and they know that."

    THE CONTEXT: If Haley is right and China is the only country that can stop North Korea, it stands to reason the U.S. can't resolve this issue alone. And no one expects it to.

    U.N. resolutions and unilateral sanctions imposed on North Korea have so far failed to deter it from conducting nuclear and missile tests. Last year, the North conducted two nuclear tests and two dozen tests of ballistic missiles. During his swing through Asia last month, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said the past 20 years of U.S. policy toward North Korea have been a failure. In fact, that could be extended all the way back to President Truman and the Korean War, which — thanks to China's decision to back the North — ended not in a peace treaty in 1953 but in an armistice.

    So what would the U.S. actually do if China doesn't cooperate?

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    (Published Friday, June 23, 2017)

    "China has to cooperate," Haley said.